Hud

Prophet Hud

 

Name:

Hud(Eber in Hebrew)

Designated as:

Prophet of GOD

Profession:

 was a Shepard

Family Tree/Descendent of/ lineage:

Adam > Seth > Anoush  >  Qinan > Mahlabeel > Yard >  Enoch > Mitoshilkh > Noah >  Sam > Arfakhshand >  Shalikh > Hud

Birth and Teachings:

Was from a tribe called Ad Ibn Us Ibn Sam Ibn Noah, who were Arabs living in Al Ahqaf in Yemen between Oman and Hadramaut, on a land called Ashar stretching out into the sea. The name of their valley was Mughiith 

Hud spread the message that God is One and to worship Him alone

Special Qualities:

 A noble and strong man

Miracles performed:

 Not known

Wife:

 Not known

Children’s:

 Not Known

Death:

 It is said his Grave  is located in the deserted village of the Hadhramaut, around 90 mi (140 km) north of Al Mukalla 

Came on:

People of Ad

Location/Stay:

Ad (Arabs living in Al Ahqaf, Aad is believed to have been situated in the wind swept hills between Oman and Yemen)

Ad capital city is believed to have been the fabled city of Ubar, known in Quran as Iram(89:6-7)

Appearance:

 have a beard

Scientific View & Proof

In 1992, Ubar the fabled lost city was discovered using remote sensing data.  Satellite imagery exposed a large area of sand dunes, under which lie a major wadi or dry streambed.  Ubar is currently under excavation and evidence has revealed an octagonal fortified city with 30-foot towers and thick walls.

 

Lofty Tower

                                                                                Imaginary Painting of City of Aad (Ubar/Iram)

 

 

 

Description of the People of Ad
The people of 'Ad lived many years in the windswept hills of an area between Yemen and Oman.

They were physically well built and renowned for their craftsmanship especially in the construction of tall buildings with lofty towers. They were outstanding among all the nations in power and wealth, which, unfortunately, made them arrogant and boastful.

In many ways, Aad could be described as a society much like many of the opulent societies that exist today.  There was an excess of wealth and the proud, arrogant people were not satisfied with fulfilling their basic needs.  They began to build towers and dwellings merely to display their wealth and they accumulated worldly possessions as if they were a people destined to live forever

The rulers and leaders of Aad were powerful tyrants, their wealth did not make them soft, as sometimes happens, but rather they grew strong and dominated the lands around them.  Satan was among them and made their deeds seem fair seeming to them.  Their arrogance and pride grew and the worship of idols became prevalent

Their political power was held in the hand of unjust rulers, against whom no one dared to raise a voice. They were not ignorant of the existence of Allah, nor did they refuse to worship Him. What they did refuse was to worship Allah alone. They worshipped other gods, also, including idols. This is one sin Allah does not forgive.

 

Description of Hud

Allah wanted to guide and discipline these people so He sent a prophet from among them. This prophet was Hud (PBUH), a noble man who handled this task with great resoluteness and tolerance.

Hudin childhood, remained consistent in prayer to GOD .He  was also a strong man but he used his strength to confront the problems that abounded in his society, however, the people were too proud to listen.  They did not want Hud to point out their mistakes but he persisted in calling them to righteousness.  He said,

“O my people!  Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as criminals, or  disbelievers in the Oneness of God.”

 

Hud belonged to the ancient civilization known as Aad, and its capital city is believed to have been the fabled city of Ubar, known in Quran as Iram.  (89:6-7)

 

 Commentary - Hud's Appeal to his People 

Hud (PBUH) condemned idol worship and admonished his people. "MY people, what is the benefit of these stones that you carve with your own hands and worship? In reality it is an insult to the intellect. There is only One Deity worthy of worship and that is Allah. Worship of Him and Him alone, is compulsory on you.
He created you, He provides for you and He is the One Who will cause you to die. He gave you wonderful physiques and blessed you in many ways. So believe in Him and do not be blind to His favors, or the same fate that destroyed Noah's people will overtake you." With such reasoning Hud hoped to instill faith in them, but they refused to accept his message. His people asked him: "Do you desire to be our master with your call? What payment do you want?"Hud tried to make them understand that he would receive his payment (reward) from Allah; he did not demand anything from them except that they let the light of truth touch their minds and hearts.

 Allah the Almighty states:
"And to Ad people We sent their brother Hud. He said: "O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilah (god) but Him; Certainly, you do nothing but invent (lies)! O my people I ask of you no reward for it (the Message). My reward is only from Him Who created me. Will you not then understand? And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimeen (criminals, disbeliveers in the Oneness of Allah)." They said: "O Hud! No evidence have you brought us and we shall not leave our gods for your mere saying! We are not believers in you. All that we say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness)." HE said: "I call Allah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which you ascribe as partners in worship, and with Him (Allah). SO plot against me, all of you, and give me no respite. I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving (living) creature but HE has grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Path (the truth). SO if you turn away, still I have conveyed the Message with which I was sent to you. My Lord will make another people succeed you, and you will not harm Him in the least. Surely, my Lord is Guardian over all things."(Ch 11:50-57 Quran)

 

 

The wealthy arrogant people of Aad argued with Hud about the nature of the Day of Judgment.  They believed that after death the body turned to dust and was swept away by the wind.  The people of Aad, much like many people today, believed that the purpose of life was to accumulate wealth, prestige, and possessions.  When Hud made them confront the reality of their lives and pointed out that they were far away from the One God, their arrogant chests swelled with pride and they accused him of being crazy.  They wondered why a man who ate and drank, just like them could have such a different view of life.  With their eyes firmly fixed on wealth and luxury the people of Aad convinced themselves that following Hud would mean that they to were crazy.

 

“There is nothing but our life of this world!  We die and we live!  We are not going to be resurrected!  He is only a man who has invented a lie against God, but we are not going to believe in him.” (Quran 23:33-3)

The Disbeliever's Attitude


Allah recounts Hud's people's attitude towards the Day of Judgment:
"The chiefs of his people, whom disbelieved and denied the meeting in the Hereafter, and to who We had given the luxuries and comforts of this life, said: "He is no more than a human being like you, he eats of that which you eat, and drinks of what you drink. If you were to obey a human being like yourselves then verily! You indeed would be losers. Does he promise you that when you have died and have become dust and bones, you shall come out alive (resurrected)? Far, very far, is that which you are promised. There is nothing but our life of this world! We die and we live! We are not going to be resurrected! He is only a man who has invented a lie against Allah, but we are not going to believe in him." (Ch 23:33-38 Quran)

The Disbelievers Question Hud
The chiefs of Hud's people asked: "Is it not strange that Allah's chooses one of us to reveal His message to?"
Hud replied: "What is strange in that? Allah wants to guide you to the right way of life, so HE sent me to warn you. Noah's flood and his story are not far away from you, so do not forget what happened. All the disbeliveers were destroyed, no matter how strong they were."
"Who is going to destroy us Hud?" the chiefs asked.
"Allah." replied Hud.
The disbeliveers among his people answered: "We will be saved by our gods."
Hud clarified to them that the gods they worshipped would be the reason for their destruction, that it is Allah alone Who saves people, and that no other power on earth can benefit or harm anyone.
The conflict between Hud and his people continued. The years passed, and they became prouder and more obstinate, and more tyrannical and more defiant of their prophet's message.

Hud Warns his People
Furthermore, they started to accuse Hud (PBUH) of being a crazy lunatic. One day they told him: "We now understand the secret of your madness you insulted our gods and they harmed you; that is why you have become insane."
Almighty Allah repeated their words in the Quran:
"O my Hud! No evidence have you brought us, and we shall not leave our gods for your mere saying! And we are not believers in you. All that we say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness)." (Ch 11:53-54 Quran)
Hud had to return their challenge. He had no other way but to turn to Allah alone, no other alternative but to give them a threatening ultimatum. he declared to them: "I call Allah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which you ascribe as pin worship with Him (Allah). SO plot against me, all of you and give me no respite. I put my trust in Allah, my Lord your Lord! There is not a moving (living) creature but He has grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Path (the truth). So if you turn away, still I have conveyed the message with which it was sent to you. My Lord will make another people succeed you, and you will not harm Him." (Ch 11:54-57 Quran)

The Punishment
Thus Hud renounced them and their gods and affirmed his dependence on Allah Who had created him. Hud realized that punishment would be incurred on the disbeliveers among his people. It is one of the laws of life. Allah punishes the disbeliveers, no matter how rich, tyrannical or great they are.
Hud and his people waited for Allah's promise. A drought spread throughout the land, for the sky no longer sent its rain. the sun scorched the desert sands, looking like a disk of fire which settled on people's heads.
Hud's people hastened to him asking: "What is that drought Hud?" Hud answered: "Allah is angry with you. If you believe in Him, He will accept you and the rain will fall and you will become stronger than you are."
They mocked him and became more obstinate, sarcastic and preserve in their unbelief. The drought increased, the trees turned yellow, and plants died. A day came when they found the sky full of clouds. Hud's people were glad as they came out of their tents crying: "A cloud, which will give us rain!" The weather changed suddenly from burning dry and hot to stinging cold with wind that shook everything; trees, plants, tents, men and women. The wind increased day after day and night after night.
Hud's people started to flee. They ran to their tents to hide but the gale became stronger, ripping their tents from their stakes. They hid under cloth covers but the gale became stronger and still and tore away the covers. It slashed clothing and skin. It penetrated the apertures of the body and destroyed it. It hardly touched anything before it was destroyed or killed, its core sucked out to decompose and rot. The storm raged for 8 days and 7 nights.

 

tarnado   max1    sand 

 

Almighty Allah recounts:
"Then when they saw it as a dense cloud coming towards their valleys, they said: "This is a cloud bringing us rain!" Nay but it is that torment which you were asking to be hastened! a wind wherein is a painful torment! Destroying everything by the command of its Lord! (Ch 46:24-25 Quran)
Allah the Exalted described it thus:
"And as for Ad, they were destroyed for a firious violent wind which Allah imposed on them for seven nights and eight days in succession, so that you could see men lying overthrown (destroyed) as if they were hollow trunks of palm trees! (Ch 69:6-7 Quran)
The Believers are Saved
That violent gale did not stop until the entire region was reduced to ruins and its wicked people destroyed, swallowed by the sands of the desert. Only Hud and his followers remained unharmed. They migrated to Hadramaut(today known as Yemen) and lived there in peace, worshipping Allah, their true Lord

Conclusion:

 

 

Scientific evidence :

In the early 1990s, a team, led by Nicholas Clapp, an amateur archaeologist and filmmaker, announced that they had found the lost city of Ubar, which was identified as Iram of the Pillars. This was achieved using NASA’s remote sensing satellites, ground penetrating radar, Landsat programme data, and images taken by the Space Shuttle Challenger, as well as SPOT data. These resources allowed the team to identify old camel trade routes and the points at which they converged. One of these converging points was a well-known water hole at Shisr, in Dhofar province, Oman. When an excavation was carried out at the site, a large, octagonal fort with high walls and tall towers was uncovered. Unfortunately, a large portion of the fort was destroyed when it sunk into a sinkhole.

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                View of lost city of ubar

 

   sketch

                                           

                                               

                                                       A sketch of Iram of the Pillars

 ad sand 

   

    A large portion of the fortress was destroyed when it

      collapsed into a sinkhole. Photo source:Wikipedia

 

Ubar the fabled lost city was discovered using remote sensing data.  

Using a combination of high-tech satellite imagery and old-fashioned literary detective work, they discovered the fortress city buried under the shifting sands of a section of Oman so barren that it is known as the Rub'al Khali or Empty Quarter.

Built nearly 5,000 years ago, Ubar was a processing and shipping center for frankincense, an aromatic resin grown in the nearby Qara Mountains. Used in cremations and religious ceremonies, as well as in perfumes and medicines, frankincense was as valuable as gold.

Satellite imagery exposed a large area of sand dunes, under which lie a major wadi or dry streambed.  Ubar is currently under excavation and evidence has revealed an octagonal fortified city with 30-foot towers and thick walls.

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