Prophet Shammil (Samuel)

Prophet Shammil (Samuel)



Samuel (Shammil in Arabic)

Designated as:

Prophet of GOD


, Worked as a Shepherd

Family Tree/Descendent of/ lineage:

Adam > Seth > Anoush  >  Qinan > Mahlabeel > Yard >  Enoch > Mitoshilkh > Noah > Sam >  Arfghshand >  Shalih >  Aher >  Phaligh >Raghu > Sarough >  Nahur > Tarikh > Abraham > Issac > Jacob(Yakub) >  Levi >Qaahat / Kohath >  Izhar > Korah > Elkanah > Zophia bin > Nahath >  Eliab >  Jeroham  >  Elkanah > Samuel

Birth and Teachings:


Special Qualities:


Miracles performed:


Events happened:



 not known


 not known


 not known

Came on:

children of Israel (Bani Israel)



Map Outline of location of Stay



Have a Beard

Scientific Evidence




 (Samuel) Prayer


Believed by/ Mentioned In

As a prophet in Judaism, Chiristanity and Islam


When Prophet Moses led his people out of bondage in Egypt, he faced severe tests and challenges.  After generations under the brutal yoke of the Egyptians, the Children of Israel needed a period of recovery.  Their souls had been hardened by the idolatrous practices prevalent in Egypt and this caused a blackness to settle upon their hearts.  Although God directed Moses to lead his people to the Promised Land they were prevented from entering until Moses’ entire generation had passed away and were replaced by people whose hearts were filled with remembrance of God.  Joshua led the Children of Israel into the Promised Land and for some time their condition remained pure and their hearts and minds remained focused on pleasing the One God.


The State of the Israelites After Joshua


Who was Joshua :

Joshua, he was Moses' assistant and became the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses.

Joshua was exceptional among the Israelites for being one of the few faithful followers of God. In Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, Joshua is mentioned as Yusha' bin Nun and is the attendant to Moses during his meeting with Khidr.

Joshua is not mentioned by name in the Qur’ān, but his name appears in other Islamic literature. In the Qur'anic account of the conquest of Canaan, Joshua and Caleb are referenced, but not named, as two "God-fearing men," on whom God "had bestowed His grace."[46]
They said: "O Moses! In this land are a people of exceeding strength: Never shall we enter it until they leave it: if (once) they leave, then shall we enter."
(But) among (their) God-fearing men were two on whom God had bestowed His grace. They said: "Assault them at the (proper) Gate: when once ye are in, victory will be yours; but on God put your trust if ye have faith."
— Qur'an, sura 5 (Al-Ma'ida), ayah 22-23[5] 

Ibn Jarir reported that the condition of the Israelites deteriorated after death of Joshua. They committed many sins and killed whom they wished of the prophets. Consequently Allah sent them tyrannous king who ill-treated them and spilled their blood, and set their enemies from outside against them as well. They used to go war, taking with them The Ark of the Covenant. They did this so that they would be victorious by its blessings, and it became a symbol of calm and a relic left behind by Moses's people. When they went to war with the people of Gaza and Askalon, they were defeated because the Ark of the Covenant was captured from them. When the king of the Israelites heard of this he died on the spot. The children of Israel remained like sheep without a shepherd until Almighty Allah sent them a prophet named Samuel (Shammil) (pbuh). They asked him to appoint a king over them to lead in a war against their enemies.

The Ark of the Covenant

<.................Picture of Ark of covenant............>

Carrying the Ark of the Covenant:gilded bas-relief at Auch Cathedral

Ark of the Covenant Was a gold-covered wooden chest described in the Jews Book of Exodus as containing the two stone tablets of the Ten Commandments.

According to Ibn 'Asaker, the Israelites believed their Ark of the Covenant to be very holy and an important symbol of their history. The carried the Ark even in battle and believed that, because of it, Allah would protect them from their enemies. This belief gave them peace of mind and great courage, and their enemies were terrified by it. Their enemies also believed that it was given special power by Allah. Gradually the Israelites started to ignore Allah's law; evil habits became part of their lives. Allah sent upon them an enemy, the Philistines, who defeated the Israelites, captured their Ark, drove them out of their homes, and took away their children to use or sell as slaves. Their power was broken. They separated from one another and were very disheartened.

Samuel Comes to the Israelites

Then came Prophet Samuel (pbuh) among them to bring some relief. They asked the prophet's help in appointing a strong leader, a king under whose banner they could unite and fight the Philistines. Prophet Samuel (pbuh), knowing their weakness, told them: "I fear that when the time comes to fight you may refuse." But they assured him that they had suffered enough insults and were now ready to fight in the way of Allah, even if they lost their lives. Prophet Samuel prayed to Allah for guidance. Allah revealed to him that He had chosen one, Saul (Talut), to be their king. The prophet wanted to know how to recognize the future king. He was told that Saul would come to him by himself and that they should then hand over the control of kingdom to him, for he would lead them in battle against the Philistines.

Saul is Appointed King

Saul was tall and sturdy, pious, and very intelligent. He lived and worked with his father on their farm. One day, several of their donkeys were lost. Accompanied by his servant, Saul went in search of them. They traveled for many days and were very tired. Saul said to his servant: "Let us rather go back, for I am sure that my father will be worried by now, and the other animals must also be cared for." His servant suggested that as they were already in the land of Samuel the prophet, they should go to him to inquire about the lost donkeys. Saul agreed, and they carried on. On their way, they asked directions from some maidens carrying water. They were told to go in the direction of the mountain. Here, a vast crowd was waiting for the Prophet Samuel. When Saul set eyes on him, he instantly recognized him as a prophet by his holy men. Samuel also recognized Saul as the king that Allah had chosen for them. Saul greeted the prophet respectfully. When he asked about his missing donkeys, Samuel told him not to worry, his donkeys were already on their way to his fat's farm.
He then told Saul that Allah had chosen him as the king of the children of Israel. His duty would be to take charge of their affairs, to unite them under one banner, and to protect them from their enemies. If he carried out Allah's commands, he would be given victory. Saul was surprised by this sudden honor offered to him. It was also a heavy responsibility. He protested to the prophet that he was a of the children of Benjamin, the least famous of the tribes of Jacob; he did not know anything of leadership or kingship and had no wealth. Samuel told him that it was the will of Allah that he should be the king, that he should thank Allah for His favor and be strong in faith.

Saul is Appointed King - Quranic

Taking Saul by the hand, Samuel led him to the children of Israel, but they insisted on a direct sign from Allah. Prophet Samuel told them to go outside the city to see the sign, which they did. Almighty Allah revealed:

"Have you not thought about the group of children of Israel after (the time of ) Moses? When they said to a Prophet of theirs: "Appoint for us a king and we will fight in Allah's Way." He said: "Would you then refrain from fighting, if fighting was prescribed for you?" They said: "Why should we not fight in Allah's Way while we have been driven out of our homes and our children (families have been taken as captives)?" But when fighting was ordered for them, they turned away, all except a few of them. And Allah is All-Aware of the Zalimeen (polytheists, and wrongdoers). And their Prophet (Samuel) said to them: "Indeed Allah has appointed Saul as a king over you." They said: "How can he be a king over us when we are better fitted than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth." He said: "Verily, Allah has chosen him above you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower."

The children of Israel’s immediate reaction was to complain.  Even though they had begged God for mercy and deliverance from oppression, they responded contemptuously towards both the pious young man, whose heart was filled with love for the One God, and Prophet Samuel.  They said, “How can he be a king over us when we are better fitted than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth.” (Quran 2:247)

The Israelites’ hearts had once again become hardened and diseased.  They were concerned with wealth and status rather then piety, and found fault with God’s chosen leader.  Although Saul had neither wealth nor status, God had blessed him with knowledge and stature.  Prophet Samuel tried to reason with them.  He said, “Verily, God has chosen him above you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature.  And God grants His Kingdom to whom He wills.” (Quran 2:247) However the Israelites continued to complain and object asking for a sign from God that Saul was indeed fit to be their king.

God, in His infinite mercy and wisdom, decided to provide  the Israelites  with the sign  (or miracle) they demanded.  God instructed the angels to return the Ark of the Covenant that had been captured by the Philistines.  God not only returned their beloved wooden chest, filled with the relics of the past but He added tranquillity to its contents.


“And their Prophet (Samuel) said to them: Verily!  The sign of His Kingdom is that there shall come to you a wooden box, wherein is Sakinah (peace and reassurance) from your Lord and a remnant of that which Moses and Aaron left behind, carried by the angels.  Verily, in this is a sign for you if you are indeed believers.” (Quran.2:248)

it was a sign of his role as King that God brought back the Ark of the Covenant for Israel

Saul Leads an Army

Saul was officially appointed King.  He established and prepared an army in order to take back the lands stolen from the children of Israel.  However, Saul insisted that his army only comprise of courageous and pious men.  The men under Saul’s command would be those whose hearts were filled with love for the One True God.

Saul however, recognised that the Israelites were a people who had strayed very far from piety and goodness.  Some time passed and Saul decided to form an army, in order to reclaim the lands and homes conquered by the Philistines.  Saul needed to be confident that his fighters were pure of heart and focused on fighting bravely for the sake of God, so he decided to take the men who had volunteered through a series of tests.  He was not looking for large numbers of fighting men; rather he wanted pious, courageous men who would be able to face trial and hardship, without complaint, or lack of faith.

The scholars of Islamic history estimate that Saul’s army comprised of 80,000 men.  It is however important to understand that Saul was not interested in strength of numbers, he was looking for strength of heart, and patience.  He ordered that only men free from responsibilities should join.  Those engaged in building homes, those about to be married and those preoccupied with business were ordered not to join.  King Saul tested his army by marching them through the desert until they were exhausted and extremely thirsty.  When they reached a river and saw water in front of their eyes, Saul said to them, do not drink.  He informed them that whoever drank from the river would no longer be part of the army.

“Then when Saul set out with the army, he said: "Verily!  God will try you by a river.  So whoever drinks thereof, he is not of me, and whoever tastes it not, he is of me, except him who takes (thereof) in the hollow of his hand.”  Yet, they drank thereof, all, except a few of them.” (Quran 2:249)

King Saul instructed his men to either, not drink at all, or if necessary to take only one handful.  Seventy six thousand men drank from the river; therefore, Saul was left with an army of 4000.  Saul was satisfied, he wanted men able to resist temptation, and with strong resolve, even in the face of hardship. 

Saul's Army Sees the Enemy

Soon however, they faced another severe test.  Saul’s army sighted the enemy on the other side of the river.  They crossed the river and were face to face with the army of the Philistines.  

“So when he had crossed it (the river), he (Saul), and those who believed with him, said: "We have no power this day against Goliath and his hosts.”  But those who knew with certainty that they were to meet their Lord, said, "How often a small group overcame a mighty host by God’s Leave?”  And God is with the patient ones.” (Quran 2:249)

Saul's men sighted the enemy on the other side of the river. Their opponents appeared physically strong and were armed with better weapons. They were led by the mighty warrior Goliath (Galut), known for his huge build and brute strength. 

The size of Goliath’s army filled many of the 4000 with fear.  However, those who knew with certainty that they were fighting for the sake of God stood firm, and said to their companions, “How often, in past battles has a small army overcome a larger one, by the permission of God?”  Most of Saul’s army looked with fear at the army of the Philistines.  Many of the soldiers refused to go on.  In the end, Saul was left with just over 300 fighters.  They had faced a series of tests and out of the original 80,000 only 300 remained.

“And when they advanced to meet Goliath and his forces, they invoked "Our Lord!  Pour forth on us patience and make us victorious over the disbelieving people.” (Quran 2:250)

At that moment, when the small band of comrades faced Goliath, they looked into the distance at the vastness of the army before them, and put their trust in God.  They beseeched Him to cover them with patience and to give them victory over the disbelieving people.  Saul’s army was small, but each man possessed a will of iron.  Goliath, the tall, massive leader of the Philistines, marched toward the 300, who now faced yet another test of courage and trust in God.

When the armies stood facing each other, Goliath challenged any soldier from King Saul’s army to single combat.  Although Saul’s men were the best from among the Children of Israel, they looked at Goliath with fear and trepidation.  No man was willing to take up the challenge.  Saul offered his beautiful daughter in marriage to the man who would take up the offer but still no one stepped forward.  Then to everyone’s amazement a young man volunteered.  The Philistines roared with laughter and even the members of Saul’s army shook their heads in disbelief.

King Saul saw that the youth was little more than a child, small in stature and armed only with a slingshot.  He called for volunteers again, but not one soldier could match the bravery of the young man.  The youth spoke in his own defence, relating that he had, on previous occasions, killed both a lion and a bear while guarding his father’s flock of sheep.  Saul remembered the tests of patience he had put his army through and saw before him  a youth who embodied the fine qualities of courage, patience, and above all, total trust in God.  Saul agreed to let David, a youth from the town of Bethlehem, face the giant Goliath in mortal combat.

Prophet David - click to read 


Conclusion :



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